• OpenAccess
  • The Experience of Work Engagement, Hardy Personality, Optimism and Subjective Well-Being among Nurses from China and Spain  [CPSH 2014]
  • DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.25021   PP.106 - 109
  • Author(s)
  • Eva Garrosa, Felix Ladstätter, Bernardo Moreno, Yiqun Gan, Isabel Carmona
  • Engaged nurses have a sense of energetic and effective connection with their work activities and they see themselves as fully capable of dealing with the demands of their job. To analyze the experience of work engagement, examining cross-national differences in Hardy Personality (HP), optimism and subjective well-being among nurses from China and Spain. Cross-cultural study with a sample with 154 nurses from Beijing (China) and 164 nurses from Madrid (Spain) who completed the Engagement, HP, Optimism and Subjective Well-Being (SWB) Scales. The data were analyzed using Pearson correlations, Student’s t-tests and hierarchical multiple regression. The personality characteristics in these countries are different, as are the variables that explain engagement. In both samples, the variable most closely associated with engagement is commitment. Optimism was another predictor, but subjective well-being was only a predictor for Spanish nurses. This study is a first approximation to understand the application of HP, optimism and subjective well-being as personal resources that affect the way in which nurses interact with their working environment and to improve engagement. Practical implications are discussed.
  • Cross-Cultural, Engagement, Hardy Personality, Nurses, Optimism, Subjective Well-Being
  • References
  • [1]
    Simpson, M.R. (2009) Engagement at Work: A Review of the Literature. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46, 1012-1024.
    Schaufeli, W.B. and Bakker, A.B. (2004) Job Demands, Job Resources, and Their Relationship with Burnout and Engagement: A Multi-Sample Study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 293-315.
    Hofstede, G. (1980) Culture’s Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values. Sage, Newbury Park.
    Garrosa, E., Moreno-Jiménez, B., Liang, Y. and González, J.L. (2008) The Relationship between Socio-Demographic Variables, Job Stressors, Burnout, and Hardy Personality in Nurses: An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 45, 418-427.

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