top
Articles
  • The Scale Confirmation on the Related Factors of Com-ing Out in the Homosexual Individuals   [CPSH 2013]
  • Author(s)
  • Yi- Shang Lin, Mein-Woei Suen, Wei-Ting Wang
  • ABSTRACT
  • In 1973, homosexual has been removed from DSM-III-R. However, some negative homosexual stereotypes still exist in our society nowadays, which made homosexual people/individuals facing lots of unequal treatment in their lives. Such disadvantageous prejudices and discriminations might impact their "coming out to the public" or not in a serious way. According to the literatures, "interpersonal relationship", "self-esteem" and "autonomy support" items can predict the outness level of homosexual people effectively. In the formal study, the reliability and validity of the questionnaires had been examined; all items used in the formal questionnaires were checked by experts, and then Taiwan university students as participants (N = 122) completed the pretest. The result shows that items "interpersonal relationship questionnaire (Cronbachα = .93)", "self-esteem questionnaire (α = .90)", and "autonomy support questionnaire (α = .95)" both have high reliability and validity, and are appropriate to be used in further studies. In the further studies, homosexual in-dividuals will be used as participants to examine that: (1) Relationships among items "interpersonal relation-ship", "self-esteem", "autonomy support", and "outness level"; (2) Whether above three items can predict "outness level" efficiently in the same way. More details are discussed in this article.
  • KEYWORDS
  • Homosexual; Outness Level; Interpersonal Relationship; Autonomy Support; Self-Esteem
  • References
  • [1]
    台湾同志咨询热线协会(2012)。取自:
    http://www.hotline.org.tw/front/bin/home.phtml。
    [2]
    李豪(2010)。雨后有彩虹?男同志向父母出柜的故事。国立台湾师范大学人类发展与家庭学系硕士论文。未出版。
    [3]
    周佑儒(2007)。大学男同志学生出柜经验之叙事分析。国立暨南大学辅导与谘商研究所硕士论文。未出版。
    [4]
    性别平等教育协会(2012)。取自:
    http://www.tgeea.org.tw/。
    [5]
    林宜洁(2010)。体育院校男同志学生的认同历程、校园处境及出柜考虑因素之研究。国立体育大学体育研究所硕士论文。
    [6]
    毕恒达(2003)。男同性戀与父母:现身的考量、策略、时机与后果。女学学志—性别与妇女研究,15,37-78。
    [7]
    陈凯军(2008)。从「柜父母」到「同运」行动者:同志父母的出柜历程。国立高雄师范大学性别教育研究所硕士论文。
    [8]
    郑伊真(2011)。Rosenberg自尊量表中文版的修订分析。国立成功大学教育研究所硕士论文。
    [9]
    萧燕婷(2001)。同志青少年人际互动的主观知觉与因应。国立台北大学社工系硕士论文。
    [10]
    苏逸珊(2000)。大学生依附风格、情绪致力与人际关系之间相关研究。国立屏东师范学院教育心理与辅导研究所硕士论文。
    [11]
    释俊明(2006)。男同志认同历程之探究。国立高雄师范大学成人教育学研究所硕士论文。
    [12]
    Blashill, A.J. & Powlishta, K.K. (2009). Gay Stereotypes: The Use of Sexual Orientation as a Cue for Gender-Related Attributes. Sex Roles,61, 783-793.
    [13]
    Chonody, J.M., Rutledge, S. E., & Smith, S. (2012). "That's so gay": Language Use and Antigay Bias Among Heterosexual College Students. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 24, 241-259.
    [14]
    Domínguez-Fuentes, J.M., Hombra-dos-Mendieta, M. I., & GarcÍa-Leiva, P. (2012).Social Support and Life Satisfaction Among Gay Men in Spain. Journal of Ho-mosexuality, 59, 241-255.
    [15]
    Evans, N.J. & Broido, E.M. (1999). Coming out in college residence halls: Negotiation, meaning making, challenges, supports. Journal of College Student Devel-opment, 40,658-668.
    [16]
    Halpin, S.A. & Allen, N. W. (2004).Changes in psychosocial well-being during stages of gay identity development. Journal of Homosexuality, 47(2), 109–126.
    [17]
    Hamer, J.S. (2003). Coming-Out: Gay Males' Information Seeking. School Libraries Worldwide, 9(2), 73-89.
    [18]
    Legate, N., Ryan, R.M., & Weinstein, N. (2012). Is coming out always a "good thing"?Exploring the relations of autonomy support, out-ness, and wellness for lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. So-cial Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 145-152.
    [19]
    Prati, G. (2012). Development and Psychometric Properties of the Homophobic Bullying Scale. Educational and Psychological, 72, 649-664.
    [20]
    Rhoads, R.A. (1995). Learning from the coming-out experiences of college males. Journal of College Student Devel-opment, 36, 67-74

Engineering Information Institute is the member of/source content provider to

http://www.scirp.org http://www.hanspub.org/ http://www.crossref.org/index.html http://www.oalib.com/ http://www.ebscohost.com/ http://www.proquest.co.uk/en-UK/aboutus/default.shtml http://ip-science.thomsonreuters.com/cgi-bin/jrnlst/jlresults.cgi?PC=MASTER&Full=journal%20of%20Bioequivalence%20%26%20Bioavailability http://publishers.indexcopernicus.com/index.php