• The Scale Confirmation on the Related Factors of Com-ing Out in the Homosexual Individuals   [CPSH 2013]
  • Author(s)
  • Yi- Shang Lin, Mein-Woei Suen, Wei-Ting Wang
  • In 1973, homosexual has been removed from DSM-III-R. However, some negative homosexual stereotypes still exist in our society nowadays, which made homosexual people/individuals facing lots of unequal treatment in their lives. Such disadvantageous prejudices and discriminations might impact their "coming out to the public" or not in a serious way. According to the literatures, "interpersonal relationship", "self-esteem" and "autonomy support" items can predict the outness level of homosexual people effectively. In the formal study, the reliability and validity of the questionnaires had been examined; all items used in the formal questionnaires were checked by experts, and then Taiwan university students as participants (N = 122) completed the pretest. The result shows that items "interpersonal relationship questionnaire (Cronbachα = .93)", "self-esteem questionnaire (α = .90)", and "autonomy support questionnaire (α = .95)" both have high reliability and validity, and are appropriate to be used in further studies. In the further studies, homosexual in-dividuals will be used as participants to examine that: (1) Relationships among items "interpersonal relation-ship", "self-esteem", "autonomy support", and "outness level"; (2) Whether above three items can predict "outness level" efficiently in the same way. More details are discussed in this article.
  • Homosexual; Outness Level; Interpersonal Relationship; Autonomy Support; Self-Esteem
  • References
  • [1]
    Blashill, A.J. & Powlishta, K.K. (2009). Gay Stereotypes: The Use of Sexual Orientation as a Cue for Gender-Related Attributes. Sex Roles,61, 783-793.
    Chonody, J.M., Rutledge, S. E., & Smith, S. (2012). "That's so gay": Language Use and Antigay Bias Among Heterosexual College Students. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 24, 241-259.
    Domínguez-Fuentes, J.M., Hombra-dos-Mendieta, M. I., & GarcÍa-Leiva, P. (2012).Social Support and Life Satisfaction Among Gay Men in Spain. Journal of Ho-mosexuality, 59, 241-255.
    Evans, N.J. & Broido, E.M. (1999). Coming out in college residence halls: Negotiation, meaning making, challenges, supports. Journal of College Student Devel-opment, 40,658-668.
    Halpin, S.A. & Allen, N. W. (2004).Changes in psychosocial well-being during stages of gay identity development. Journal of Homosexuality, 47(2), 109–126.
    Hamer, J.S. (2003). Coming-Out: Gay Males' Information Seeking. School Libraries Worldwide, 9(2), 73-89.
    Legate, N., Ryan, R.M., & Weinstein, N. (2012). Is coming out always a "good thing"?Exploring the relations of autonomy support, out-ness, and wellness for lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. So-cial Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 145-152.
    Prati, G. (2012). Development and Psychometric Properties of the Homophobic Bullying Scale. Educational and Psychological, 72, 649-664.
    Rhoads, R.A. (1995). Learning from the coming-out experiences of college males. Journal of College Student Devel-opment, 36, 67-74

Engineering Information Institute is the member of/source content provider to