• OpenAccess
  • Excess Coalbed Methane Production Mechanism in the Process of Coal Tectonic Deformation  [ICGG 2016]
  • DOI: 10.4236/gep.2016.47019   PP.175 - 178
  • Author(s)
  • Yi Luo, Shuying Li
  • Source and occurrence of Excess Coalbed Methane is a long-term concern research topic in Coal Geology and Structural Geology. Since it is essential to understand the outburst mechanism of coal gas, and to support the coalbed methane development projects as the theoretical basis. We found in the study that, huge imparity is behind the evolutionary trend on molecular structure and the mechanism of influence from different deformation. The thesis demonstrates its probable routes of gas evolution according to distinct deformation mechanisms of coal. In the role of brittle deformation mechanism, a rapidly formed advantage rupture surface along with sliding motion from which has worked on coal. As another result, mechanical energy has transformed into friction and kinetic energy during the process. Kinetic energy increases simultaneously, which brings some results, that the new generated gas molecule. While the chemical structure of coal remains in a steady-state and do not react easily an outburst with gas. Mechanical energy turns into strain energy through its ductile deformation mechanism. The dislocation or lamellar slip made disordered between the constitutional units of aromatic rings and aromatic lamellas, as soon as secondary structural defects created. On another hand, molecular motion accelerates and splits off the small molecular on the side chain, due to the dissociation of aromatic nucleus; CHgas molecular was generated and placed in the secondary structural defect of coal, along with a great deal of strain energy in non-steady-state. By breaking away the balance maintaining terms, huge strain energy releases suddenly, small moleculars are free from the secondary structure defect, react outburst with gas. Furthermore to extend the discussion of the conventional physical ideas on coal absorb gas, according to the phenomenon of exceeded CBM, the gas molecular has a significant chance existing in a low bond energy of chemical bonds of coal structure.
  • Tectonic Coal, Gas Generation by Deformation, Mechanism of Gas Generation
  • References
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