• OpenAccess
  • Mycobacterium avium Paratuberculosis (MAP) and Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Are Frequently Detected in the Saliva of Patients Recently Diagnosed with Crohn Disease (CD) Whereas Oral Propionibacterium Acnes (PA) or Methylacetate (MA) in Their Breath Is Rare  [ICGEH 2015]
  • DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2015.312003   PP.13 - 18
  • Author(s)
  • Donatini Bruno, Le Blaye Isabelle
  • We investigated the presence of MAP, CMV, or Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the saliva of patients presenting with periodontal disease, gingivitis or oral aphthosis. We also measured methylacetate in their breath and looked for the presence of PA on their tongue. All patients were prospectively enrolled into a two-year cohort study. We compared the group presenting with CD versus the group without CD. 167 patients were enrolled. 24 patients presented with CD. CMV and MAP were found concomitantly in 67% of CD patients (17 patients) whereas only 1 patient (<0.1%; p < 0.001) has these infectious agents in the comparative group. PA was rare in CD (25% versus 70.6%; p < 0.001). MA was low, especially with an empty stomach (0.59 ppm +/? 1.45 versus 5.14 ppm +/? 8.97; p < 0.001). It was concluded that the association MAP + CMV was frequently found in oral lesions of CD at an early stage. Detection of PA, MAP and CMV, as well as breath test could be easily performed and may participate to the early diagnosis of CD.

  • Mycobacterium avium, Cytomegalovirus, Crohn, Propionibacterium, VOC
  • References
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