• OpenAccess
  • Mesocosm Assessment of Stability Habitat for Halophyte  [CSWCER 2015]
  • DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.36003   PP.11 - 19
  • Author(s)
  • Sunghoon Ryu, Incheol Lee
  • In this paper, we constructed the halophyte Mesocosm experimental group which was used as a substrate material that consisted of tidal flat and dredged sediment. Depending on whether the ingredients of vegetation and substrate material of Mesocosm, we constructed Mesocosm A (tidal flat sediment + Salicornia herbecea), Mesocosm B (only dredged sediment), Mesocosm C (dredged sediment + Salicornia herbecea). Monitoring was carried out of seawater quality factors (Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total Nitrogen (T-N), Total Phosphorus (T-P), temperature, salinity), sediment factors (Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total (T-N), Total Phosphorus (T-P) and growth of Salricornia herbecea) in each Mesocosm. Habitat Stability Index of vegetation was calculating by using the monitoring results. HSI of Mesocosm C was calculated from 0.87 to 0.95 as compared to the relatively high HSI Mesocosm A, it was evaluated to be able to be used in the restoration of the coastal salt marsh with dredged sediment.

  • Salt Marsh, Dredged Sediment, Mesocosm, Halophyte, Habitat Stability Index (HSI)
  • References
  • [1]
    Chapman, V.J. (1977) Wet Coastal Ecosystem. Elsevier, New York, 1-27.
    Ministry of Land (2014) Transport and Maritime Affairs, Korea.
    Odum, E.P. (1984) The Mesocosm. BioScience, 34, 558-562.
    Ingham, E.R., Trofymow, J.A., Ames, R.N., Hunt, H.W., Morley, C.R., Moore, J.C. and Coleman, D.C. (1986) Trophic Interactions and Nitrogen Cycling in a Semi-Arid Grassland Soil Microbes or Fauna. Journal of Applied Ecology, 23, 615-630.
    Aksnes, D.L., Egge, J.K., Rosland, R. and Heimdal, B.R. (1994) Representation of Emiliania huxleyi in Phytoplankton Simulation Models: A First Approach. Sarsia, 79, 291-300.
    Chen, C.Y. and Durbin, E.G. (1994) Effects of pH on the Growth and Carbon Uptake of Marine Phytoplankton. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 109, 83-94.
    Watts, M.C. and Bigg, G.R. (2001) Modelling and the Monitoring of Mesocosm Experiments: Two Case Studies. Journal of Plankton Research, 23, 1081-1093.
    Ministry of Land (2010) Transport and Maritime Affairs, Korea.
    Lee, I., Park, S., Ryu, S. and Kobayashi, N. (2011) Ecological Restoration Index for Evaluation of Artificial Salt Marsh. Journal of Coastal Research, 27, 959-965.
    Lee, M.J., Mun, K.J., Yoon, G.L., Eum, H.M. and Kim, Y.T. (2014) Mechanical and Germination Characteristics of Stabilized Dredged Soil. Journal of the Korean Geo-Environmental Society, 15, 33-40.
    Race, M.S. and Fonseca, M.S. (1996) Fixing Compensatory Mitigation: What Will It Take? Ecological Applications, 94-101.
    Short, F.T., Burdick, D.M., Short, C.A., Davis, R.C. and Morgan, P.A. (2000) Developing Success Criteria for Restored Eelgrass, Salt Marsh and Mud Flat Habitats. Ecological Engineering, 15, 239-252.
    Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Korea (2005) Testing Methods in Ocean Environments, 280 p (in Korean).
    Doran, J.W. and Parkin, T.B. (1994) Defining and Assessing Soil Quality. In: Doran, J.W., et al., Eds., Defining Soil Quality for a Sustainable Environment, SSSA Special Publication No. 35, SSSA, ASA, Madison, 3-21.
    Gregorich, E.G., Carter, M.R., Angers, D.A., Monreal, C. and Ellert, B.H. (1994) Towards a Minimum Data Set to Assess Soil Organic Matter Quality in Agricultural Soils. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 74, 367-385.
    Valiela, I. and Teal, J.M. (1974) Nutrient Limitation in Salt Marsh Vegetation. In: Rheimold, R.J. and Queen, W.H., Eds., Ecology of the Halophytes, 547-563.
    Howarth, R.W. (1988) Nutrient Limitation of Net Primary Production in Marine Ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 19, 89-110.
    Jordan, T.E., Correll, D.L. and Weller, D.E. (1993) Nutrient Interception by a Riparian Forest Receiving Inputs from Adjacent Cropland. Journal of Environmental Quality, 22, 467-473.
    Machefact, S.E., Dise, N.B., Goulding, K.W.T. and Whitehead, P.G. (2002) Nitrous Oxide Emission from a Range of Land Uses across Europe. Hydrology and Earth System Science, 6, 325-337.
    Mortimer, C. (1941) The Exchange of Dissolved Substances between Mud and Water in Lakes. Journal of Ecology, 30, 147-201.
    Valiela, I., Costa, J., Foreman, K., Teal, J.M., Howes, B. and Aubrey, D. (1990) Transport of Groundwater Born Enutrients from Watersheds and Their Effects on Coastal Waters. Biogeochemistry, 10, 177-197.
    Caraco N, Tamse A, Boutros O & Valiela I (1987) Nutrient Limitation of Phytoplankton Growth in Brackish Coastal Ponds. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 44, 473-476.
    Ambus, P. and Christensen, S. (1993) Denitrification Variability and Control in a Riparian Fen Irrigated with Agricultural drainage Water. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 25, 915-923.
    Broadbent, F.E. and Clark, F.E. (1965) In: Bartholomew, W.V. and Clark, F.E., Eds., Soil Nitrogen, Agron, 344.
    Amstrong, W. (1964) Oxygen Diffusion from the Roots of British Bog Plants. Nature, 204, 801-802.
    Nichols, D.S. (1983) Capacity of Natural Wetlands to Remove Nutrients from Wastewater. Journal of Water Pollution Control Federation, 55, 495-505.

Engineering Information Institute is the member of/source content provider to