• Effectiveness of Intensive Healthcare Waste Management Model among Health Professionals at Teaching Hospitals of Pakistan: Quasi-Experimental Study   [EPPH 2015]
  • Author(s)
  • Ramesh Kumar
  • Introduction: Infectious waste management has always remains a neglected public health problem in the developing countries which results high burden of environmental pollution affecting general masses. Health workers are the key personnel who are responsible for the management of infectious waste at any hospital, however, their proper training and education is needed to their better performance. This interventional study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of Intensive healthcare waste management (IHWM) model about infectious waste management at tertiary care health facilities of Rawalpindi Pakistan. Methods: This study was Quasi-experimental pre and post design with control and intervention group conducted at the two big hospitals of Pakistan recently. During the baseline 275 health care workers has been enrolled for the study after taking the proper ethical consideration. 138 workers were assigned for intervention group for 03 months trainings, on hand practicum and reminders on infectious waste management while, 137 were assigned to the control hospital where routine activities on infectious health care waste were performed. Pre and post measurement were taken before the intervention and after 3 months follow up period and were statically analyzed. Bivariate and multivariate analysis, independent, paired and unpaired t test and chi-square with p values and mean of the responses were calculated. Overall the response rate was 92% at the end of intervention. Results: Total 275 healthcare workers (HCWs) including doctors, nurses, paramedics and sanitary workers were interviewed during this baseline survey and 255 had completed the intervention. There were no any significant difference were found between two groups at baseline except gender and department (<0.05) before to start the intervention program. HCW’s knowledge attitude and practices has shown statistically significance difference (<0.05) between intervention and control group after the intervention program and also within both groups. However, no statistically significant difference within control group before and after study was reported (>0.05). Conclusions: Study concluded that IHWM model has proved an effective intervention for knowledge translation among health professionals and also improved their practices about infectious waste management in intervention group as compare to control group.
  • Intensive Healthcare Waste Management Model, Health Professionals
  • References

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