• OpenAccess
  • Bacterial Contamination of Drinking Water in the Internally Displaced People Camps in South Darfur, Sudan  [EPPH 2013]
  • DOI: 10.4236/cweee.2013.22B002   PP.10 - 12
  • Author(s)
  • Yassir Mohammed Eltahir, Amira Ahmed Abdelrahman
  • A total of 240 water samples were collected during the three seasons of 2009 from different sites and sources in the internally displaced camps (IDP) including bore holes, hand pumps, dug wells, water points, water reservoir and household storage containers. Samples were investigated using the most probable number method to detected and count the total coliform, faecal coliform and faecal enterococci. Enteric bacteria detected were E. coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella, Citrobacter and Enterobacter .House hold containers showed continuous level of contamination by all different bacteria throughout the three seasons. This was followed by hand pumps, both reservoir and boreholes and dug wells. Water points revealed no level of contamination throughout the three seasons.
  • Water Microbiology; Bacterial Contamination; E.coli
  • References
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    APHA. American Public Health Association, “Standard Methods for Ex-amination of Water and Wastewater,” 20th Edition, Washington, DC, USA, 1998.
    M. Stevens, N. Ash-bolt and D. Cunliffe, Eds., “Review of Coliforms as Mi-crobial Indicators of Drinking Water Quali-ty-Recommendations to Change the Use of Coliforms as Microbial Indicators of Drinking Water Quality,” NHMRC, Biotext Pty Ltd, Canberra, Australia, 2003, pp. 1-42.

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