• OpenAccess
  • Slaughterhouse Wastewater Characterization and Treatment: An Economic and Public Health Necessity of the Meat Processing Industry in Ontario, Canada  [EPPH 2016]
  • DOI: 10.4236/gep.2016.44021   PP.175 - 186
  • Author(s)
  • Ciro Bustillo-Lecompte, Mehrab Mehrvar, Edgar Quiñones-Bolaños
  • The characteristics of the slaughterhouse effluents and current wastewater treatment practices in the province of Ontario, Canada are analyzed. Meat processing plants are found to produce large amounts of wastewater due to the slaughtering process and cleaning of their facilities. Furthermore, the composition of the wastewater varies according to the type and number of animals slaughtered and the water requirements of the process. However, the slaughterhouse wastewater usually contains high levels of organics and nutrients. Several slaughterhouses in Ontario discharge their wastewater into the municipal sewer system after primary pretreatment at the meat processing plant. Therefore, due to the high-strength characteristics of the slaughterhouse effluents, an extensive treatment for a safe discharge into the environment is required. Thus, the combination of biological processes and advanced oxidation technologies for slaughterhouse wastewater treatment is evaluated in this study. Results show that the application of combined biological and advanced oxidation processes is recommended for on-site slaughterhouse wastewater treatment.

  • Slaughterhouse Wastewater, Anaerobic Digestion, Activated Sludge, Advanced Oxidation Processes
  • References
  • [1]
    Bustillo-Lecompte, C.F. and Mehrvar, M. (2015) Slaughterhouse Wastewater Characteristics, Treatment, and Management in the Meat Processing Industry: A Review on Trends and Advances. Journal of Environmental Management, 161, 287-302.
    Daigger, G.T. (2009) Evolving Urban Water and Residuals Management Paradigms: Water Reclamation and Reuse, Decentralization, and Resource Recovery. Water Environment Research, 81, 809-823.
    Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) The Water Footprint of Poultry, Pork and Beef: A Comparative Study in Different Countries and Production Systems. Water Resources and Industry, 1-2, 25-36.
    Mittal, G.S. (2006) Treatment of Wastewater from Abattoirs be-fore Land Application—A Review. Bioresource Technology, 97, 1119-1135.
    Bustillo-Lecompte, C.F., Mehrvar, M. and Qui?ones-Bola?os, E. (2014) Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of TOC Removal from Slaughterhouse Wastewater Using Combined Anaerobic-Aerobic and UV/H2O2 Processes. Journal of Environmental Management, 134, 145-152.
    Barrera, M., Mehrvar, M., Gilbride, K., McCarthy, L., Laursen, A., Bostan, V. and Pushchak, R. (2012) Photolytic Treatment of Organic Constituents and Bacterial Pathogens in Sec-ondary Effluent of Synthetic Slaughterhouse Wastewater. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 90, 1335-1350.
    OMAFRA (2015) Provincially Licensed Meat Plants in Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA).
    Bustillo-Lecompte, C.F., Mehrvar, M. and Qui?ones-Bola?os, E. (2013) Combined Anaerobic-Aerobic and UV/H2O2 Processes for the Treatment of Synthetic Slaughterhouse Wastewater. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A: Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, 48, 1122-1135.
    Tritt, W.P. and Schuchardt, F. (1992) Materials Flow and Possibilities of Treating Liquid and Solid Wastes from Slaughterhouses in Germany. A Review. Bioresource Technology, 41, 235-245.
    Debik, E. and Coskun, T. (2009) Use of the Static Granular Bed Reactor (SGBR) with Anaerobic Sludge to Treat Poultry Slaughterhouse Wastewater and Kinetic Modeling. Bio-resource Technology, 100, 2777-2782.
    Bustillo-Lecompte, C.F., Ghafoori, S. and Mehrvar, M. (2016) Photochemical Degradation of an Actual Slaughterhouse Wastewater by Continuous UV/H2O2 Photoreactor with Recycle. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 4, 719-732.
    Bustillo-Lecompte, C.F., Knight, M. and Mehrvar, M. (2015) Assessing the Performance of UV/H2O2as a Pretreatment Process in TOC Removal of an Actual Petroleum Refinery Wastewater and its Inhibitory Effects on Activated Sludge. Canadian Journal of ChemicalEngineering, 93, 798-807.
    Myers, R.H., Montgomery, D.C., Vining, G.G., Borror, C.M. and Kowalski, S.M. (2004) Response Surface Methodology: A Retrospective and Literature Survey. Journal of Quality Technology, 36, 53-77.
    Botha, G.E., Oliveira, J.C. and Ahrné, L. (2012) Quality Optimisation of Combined Osmotic Dehydration and Microwave Assisted Air Drying of Pineapple using Constant Power Emission. Food and Bioproducts Processing, 90, 171- 179.
    Ghafoori, S., Mehrvar, M. and Chan, P.K. (2012) Free-Radical-Induced Degradation of Aqueous Polyethylene Oxide by UV/H2O2: Experimental Design, Reaction Mechanisms, and Kinetic Modeling. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 51, 14980-14993.

Engineering Information Institute is the member of/source content provider to