• OpenAccess
  • Negative Stereotyping Attitudes towards Mental Illness: Is It Culturally Related?  [HPM 2015]
  • DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2015.312006   PP.32 - 39
  • Author(s)
  • Tan Kan Ku, Michael Ha
  • Background: Stigma of mental illness is often related to attitude studies in social science research, cross-cultural psychology and education in social behaviour. Majority of these studies used opinion on mental illness to examine attitudes. Method: A cross-sectional survey was presented to 208 registered nurses in Australia. Principal component analyses (with oblique rotation) were used to identify underlying dimensionality in the correlations of items for negative stereotyping attitudes. Subscale score variations were analysed across nurse type and ethnicity to examine the discriminant validity of the subscales. Results: Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed one dimension accounting for 50.5% of the variations within items for negative stereotyping. Developed as scale, labelled as “Dislike Attributed to Mental Illness (DISL)”, reliability analysis indicated high internal consistency with alpha coefficient of .93. Chinese general nurses scored highest on the DISL scale than the other three groups: Chinese psychiatric nurses, Anglo general and Anglo psychiatric nurses. Conclusion: Psychometric evaluation of the Dislike Attributed to Mental Illness (DISL) indicates that it is a reliable scale for measuring negative stereotyping attitudes towards mental illness. The main statistical significance was due to nurse ethnicity.

  • Culture, Stigma, Mental Illness, Negative Stereotyping
  • References
  • [1]
    Ucok, A., Polat, A., Sartorus, N., Erkoc, S. and Atakli, C. (2004) Attitudes of Psychiatrists toward Patients with Schizophrenia. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 58, 89-91.
    Angermeyer, M.C., Buyantugs, L. Kenzine, D.V. and Mat-schinger, H. (2004) Effects of Labelling on Public Attitudes towards People with Schizophrenia: Are There Cultural Differences? Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 109, 420-425.
    Jorm, A.F., Nakane, Y., Christensen, H., Yoshioka, K., Grif-fiths, K.M. and Wata, Y. (2005) Public Beliefs about Treatment and Outcome of Mental Disorders: A Comparison of Australia and Japan. BMC Medicine, 3, 12.
    Papadopoulos, C., Leavey, G. and Vincent, C. (2002) Factors Influen-cing Stigma: A Comparison of Greek-Cyproit and English Attitudes towards Mental Illness in North London. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 37, 430- 434.
    Angermeyer, M.C. and Schulze, B. (2001) Reinforcing Stereotypes: How the Focus on Forensic Cases in News Reporting May Influence Public Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 24, 469-486.
    Arbolea-Florez, J. and Sartorius, N. (2008) Understanding the Stigma of Mental Illness. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester.
    Lv, Y., Wolf, A. and Wang, X. (2013) Experienced Stigma and Self-Stigma in Chinese Patients with Schizophrenia. General Hospital Psychiatry, 35, 83-88.
    Lin, T. (1982) Culture and Psychiatry: A Chinese Perspective. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 16, 235-245.
    Corrigan, P.W. and Matthews, A.C. (2003) Stigma and Disclosure: Implications for Coming out of the Closet. Journal of Mental Health, 12, 235-248.
    Lee, S., Lee, M.T.Y., Chiu, M.Y.L. and Kleinman A. (2005) Experience of Social Stigma by People with Schizophrenia in Hong Kong. British Journal of Psychiatry, 186, 153-157.
    Mak, W.W. and Cheung, R.Y.M. (2012) Psychological Distress and Subjective Burden of Caregivers of People with mental Illness: The Role of Affiliate Stigma and Face Concern. Com-munity Mental Health Journal, 48, 270-274.
    Chang, K.H. and Horrocks, S. (2005) Lived Experience of Family Caregivers of Mentally Ill Relatives. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 53, 435-443.
    Ku, T.K. (2007) Culture and Stigma towards Mental Illness: A Comparison of General and Psychiatric Nurses of Chinese and Anglo-Australian Backgrounds. Master Thesis, De-partment of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne.
    Ku, T.K. and Ha, M. (2015) Culture and Stigma of Mental Illness: Path Analysis Conducted with Amos in Transcultural Psychiatry in Australia. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 3, 15-22.
    Ku, T.K., Ha, M. and Siriwan, U. (2015) Professional Attitudes towards Mental Illness: Testing the Contact Hypothesis among Nurses of Ethnic Anglo and Chinese Australian Backgrounds. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 3, 130-138.
    Schulze, B. and Angermeyer, M.C. (2003) Subjective Experiences of Stigma: A Focus Group Study of Schizophrenic Patients, Their Relatives and Mental Health Professionals. Social Science and Medicine, 56, 299-312.
    Ku, T.K. and Ha, M. (2015) Development of the Attitudes towards Depression and Schizophrenia Scale (ADSS). Studies in Social Sciences and Humanities, 2, 12-20.
    Hofstede, G.H. (2001) Culture’s Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviours, Institutions, and Organizations across Nations. 2nd Edition, Sage, Thousand Oaks, California.

Engineering Information Institute is the member of/source content provider to